Building Strategic Process Architecture
Nov05

Building Strategic Process Architecture

Now a days companies are developing Process Architecture (PA) under the overall umbrella of organization’s Enterprise Architecture initiative. PA is an important architectural element for any organization which has to be done with proper planning and followed by strong methodologies. But before doing that what do we actually mean by the PA, what is its definition and how does it actually helps organizations in their decision making, be it strategic or tactical. There are many definitions for PA and each of them different perspective addressed: 1. The architecture of the business processes of an enterprise is defined as the type of processes it contains and the relationships among them . [Barrow 2007] 2. Process architecture is the picture that says what process types there are in the organization and what there dynamic relationships are: a network of instance at work, all operating at the same time, some activating others and some interacting [Ould 2005] 3. Process architecture is a methodology for identifying and aligning and organization’s key business processes against business requirements and to determine how to organize and implement formal process management [performance Design lab 2011] 4. Process architecture is a schematic that shows the ways in which the business processes of an enterprise are grouped ad inter-lined [Frolov, et al.2009] 5. Process architecture is the structural design of the general process systems and applies fields such as computers (software, hardware, networks etc.) business processes (enterprise architecture, policy and procedures, logistics, project management and any other process system of varying degrees of complexity [Dawis, et al, 2001]   The above definitions though proposed by different thought leaders but each of them is targeting mix of business areas. Although none is wrong but it doesn’t show unique form which can be used as baseline definition for PA. For me PA , it has to have all the aspects of process design to make PA genuinely a value added architectural block for EA. So this is how I see it ” PA is an architecture building block consisting of (people, process, information and technology) PPIT in an integrative arrangement, defined through strategic and tactical relationships between  PPIT “ Having said that PA has its AS-IS and TO-BE state, both are to be developed from organizations strategic and tactical direction’s perspective. There has to be two main objectives of the PA development for organizations: a)      To satisfy customers demands b)      To achieve more efficient processing A sound and consistent strategic PA has following attributes which must be inline and should be defined in structural manner 1. Business Events: All the business events which are occurring for current state or which may occur in anticipated future, should be...

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Dubai ‘smart city’: are we there yet?
Oct30

Dubai ‘smart city’: are we there yet?

A “smart city” vision is born as a response to the challenges that arise from the steadily growing number of people living in urban clusters. While an exact definition has yet to be formed, a smart city provides high quality of life to its citizens with the following six drivers acting as forces of innovation: 1. Smart mobility 2. Smart environment 3. Smart people 4. Smart living 5. Smart governance The main goal is to create a competitive and attractive business environment by leveraging on the human capital of the city, while allowing for wider participation in various aspects of public life. This includes developing novel ways to implement transportation systems and establishing an increased focus on natural resource preservation. An Information and Communications Technology (ICT) infrastructure is the basis of the smart city foundation because it provides advanced services in Intelligent Transport System (ITS), environmental and energy monitoring, building management, health care, public safety and security, and remote working and e-commerce domains. In other words, this type of infrastructure can play a key role in intertwining all the actors of a smart city to support the provision of ubiquitous services. According to United Nations estimates, the number of urban residents will rise to 5 billion by 2030 and 80 percent of the world population will live in urban areas by 2050. “City” has gradually replaced “Country” as the main unit on the perspective of global competitiveness due to the growing contribution of national Gross Domestic Product. In recent years, this urbanization trend has also affected developing countries. For instance, in China, urban population has grown to more thank 600 million, equaling 50 percent of the population living in urban areas. That is, urbanization has become an irresistible element globally when it comes to development of a country. The concept of a city taking the lead, in contrast to the countryside, Dubai has its position set to be a city of “now” and enjoys wealth of praise for its advanced ICT infrastructure. Dubai is the most liked urban city for the Middle East as well as all of Asia, in terms of where people move to pursue better quality of life and career opportunities. E-government has already been a great success for the Dubai government, and taking it in consideration, the government has embarked bigger initiative of e-services to transform Dubai into a “smart city.” How “smart” is Dubai already? Despite the success of Dubai’s government initiatives, a smart city initiative has its own challenges and obstacles. One has to critically analyze what status Dubai is considered now and what should it be anticipating when it comes to moving toward...

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